Previous Intelligent Mobility 2016 Forum have been an opportunity for the 6t team to present the results of two recent studies on the impact of new mobility solutions.
Ridehailing app impact on mobility: the case of Uber
Background – While the availability of chauffeur-driven vehicles is going through exponential growth, usage, users and the impact of these services remain unknown. Initial research has been carried out in the United States (Rayle et al, 2015) but few aspects of the subject are accessible in France. It is in this context that 6t offered to finance, for Uber, a similar survey for its app users. Uber is indeed the ideal analysis arena, as today it is the largest operator connecting users and chauffer-driven vehicles in France: over one year, around one million people have used the service at least once (Uber data, 10 July 2015).
Methodology – The methodology for this study was the same as that built by 6t in association with ADEME for its previous studies on other shared vehicle services: loop sharing, direct route sharing, sharing among individuals, car-sharing (6t, 2013; 6t, 2014; ADEME-6t, 2015; ADEME-6t, 2015). 6t independently carried out the whole study, with the exception of the email dissemination of the study carried out by Uber.
Data collection was performed from a self-administered online survey from 7 to 16 June 2015. 6476 users residing in six French cities (Paris, Lyon, Lille, Nice, Bordeaux, Toulouse) and two Swiss cities (Lausanne Geneva) responded to the survey. Analysis of the survey shows that this is above all a metropolitan mode of transport serving residents, which completes the existing availability of transport and which creates mobility.
Shared-mobility and public transport: complementarity or substitution?
Background – Launched in 2004, carpooling platform BlaBlaCar had over 10 million members in Europe in September 2014. Long-distance car-sharing practices have therefore developed rapidly over the past 10 years, unlike car pooling between places of residence and places of work. Long-distance car pooling, because of its relatively lower cost in relation to other means of transport, brings with is a possible mode of transport shift of public transport towards rail travel. Recent research projects have allowed, through qualitative sociological surveys, to identify the profiles of car sharers, as well as their motivations. However, few quantitative studies on car pooling enable a questioning of the outcomes of car pooling where use of public transport is concerned. In the context of long-distance car pooling’s rapid development, it is necessary to better understand impacts, in particular as regards the use of public transport. To what extent does car pooling compete with public transport?
Methodology – The study’s methodology is based on a comparative analysis of the results in a quantitative and qualitative survey conducted by 6t’s research team, as part of a study funded by ADEME in 2015. This presentation is based on the analysis of the results of a questionnaire sent out by BlaBlaCar by email, and of interviews conducted with the platform’s members. Over 1300 responses were received. The sample was adjusted according to the age and gender of the respondents, according to reference data provided by BlaBlaCar. In addition, around twenty interviews were conducted with car sharers to develop upon the issue.
Image source: ATEC-ITS 2016 (c)
More information on both presentations: firstname.lastname@example.org