Background of the study
The number of users of the Blablacar platform is increasing very rapidly and the company claims 20 million members across the world in 2015. Carsharing can represent a good alternative to solo-driving, whether for occasional and long-distance trips, or for regular, local trips. The growth of carpooling could therefore play a major role in the transition towards mobility which consumes less energy. It is therefore important to better assess this practice and to glean knowledge on its usage.
By optimising the use of the car, car pooling is likely to contribute to the growth of durable mobility:
- From an economic perspective, it makes it possible to reduce the proportion of a household’s income spent on mobility, and, in particular, to reduce car-related expenses, in a context of scarce energy and a rise in the price of petrol. carpooling is also a means of mutualising resources, without however weighing on the functioning budget of collectivities.
- From the social viewpoint, car pooling is a means of mutualising means, giving value to solidarity, reducing the captivity levels of those who do not use a car, and of fomenting communication between people. It allows those with the most limited means to travel at a very low cost.
- From an environmental perspective, the promotion of carpooling can contribute to a decrease in kilometers covered by car, which would allow for an equivalent decrease in the consumption of fuel and the ensuing emmisions (pollutants, fine particles, greenhouse-effect gases, noise…)
This study, conducted on behalf of ADEME aims, at the same time, to:
- Identify users : Users of car pooling appear to be predominantly young (under 30) and urban. The aim is to identify the socio-demographic profiles of users in 2015, and to analyse their development: is there evidence of a broadcasting of car pooling practices within society?
- Understanding usage: car pooling appears to be practiced occasionally, for long trips. In 2015, is the usage of car pooling more regular? What are users’ main reasons for travelling? What are the frequencies of usage? What have the major changes been over past years?
- Estimating impacts : car pooling enables the optimisation of usages of the individual car, and to maximise its rate of occupancy. What are the impacts of this practice on the usages of the solo-driven individual car? car pooling can only be understood by its articulation with an array of multi-mode transport options.
Full report of the ADEME site (in French)