How do spatial environment, agreeableness and comfort reinforce the walker’s safety?
The pedestrian user presents a challenge for all urban areas.
Means to respond to pedestrian accident rates make use of a broad spectrum of public intervention, both at the regulatory level, urban re-modelling, and the reinforcement of communication campaigns. For vulnerable walkers, a more suitable layout of urban roadways may contribute to reinforcing the safety of trips.
This sharing entails an in-depth change in how we view the public space, translating into, particularly, a transfer from a road-based understanding to a pedestrian-based understanding, and the redefining of usages and spaces in towns. The public urban space must then be thought up and perceived from the user point of view, in order to better adapt itself to users’ needs.
Objective of the study
The research’s overall objective was to ascertain how settings affect user behavior in public space. The aim, specifically, was to understand the extent to which urban re-modelling could be liable to make public space safe while allowing users to circulate freely in the street. In this way, the study answers four major questions:
- 1 / How does remodelling shape human behaviour?
- 2 / How can the environment be one of “learning” and promote safety-conscious behaviours for everyone, as well as the co-habitation of all users?
- 3 / What is the impact of the setting and feelings of safety or lack of safety?
- 4 / What sensory and motor skills are needed to get around on foot in a shared environment?
Four areas for analysis have therefore been selected by the City of Paris and the Paris RATP: 18 June 1940 square, Balard square, Porte de Pantin square, and Auber-Scribe square.
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Full report (in French)
A study published in the context of the research on “Pedestrian security in a public transport space: a matter of re-modelling and setting” produced by the City of Paris and the RATP, and co-funded by the Road Safety Federation