Transport accounts for a significant share of households’ carbon footprint. They also enable households to access employment, training and support themselves.The balance between social and environmental sustainability is an issue at all scales: both in terms of household practices and local and national mobility planning policies. The imperatives of sustainability and inclusion are global in scope. However, as far as personal travel is concerned, it is the result of household practices. It is at this micro level that the concrete consequences of regulations are most important, particularly in terms of the costs of mobility.
In this context, this study deals with the two mains issues of mobilities: socioéconomical dimension and environmental impact. We use a quantitative methodology to analyze data from major mobility and transport national surveys. From these data, we model the direct costs to households of private travel and their environmental impact. This modelling includes several time horizons and is applied to a typology of households characterized in particular by their environments, socio-economic and mobility profiles.
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